Research on the use and effectiveness of VAT has been conducted on various topics. Early research included examinations of VAT for

– physical disorders and disabilities (1)
– clinical and non-clinical clients (2)
– reducing muscle tone (3) and
– Post-stroke rehabilitation and brain injured patients (4)
– VAT within medical contexts (5).

Assessment. Follow-up. Impact.

Recent research has further explored the impact of low frequency sound vibration in two broad areas: chronic pain (6) and neurological disorders such as Dementia (7). Although the underlying mechanisms of VAT are not fully understood, researchers have been investigating and discussing the potential of VAT for different issues (8). Years of clinical experience and best-practice principles developed by our trainers since the 1980s combined with contemporary research inform the practice of VAT.

Vibrac research

A special issue of the journal Music and Medicine guest-edited by Dr. Ala-Ruona and Dr. Punkanen (9) presented the up-to-date research activities from Finland, Estonia, and Canada, highlighting the array of work carried out in this field. 

Current and planned research projects are delving deeper into the effects of VAT on e.g. functional neurological disorder, dementia, and pain.


  1. Skille, O., Wigram, T., & Weekes, L. (1989). Vibroacoustic therapy: The therapeutic effect of low frequency sound on specific physical disorders and disabilities. Journal of British Music Therapy, 3(2), 6–10.)
  2. Wigram, T. (1996). The effects of vibroacoustic therapy on clinical and non-clinical subjects (Doctoral dissertation, PhD Thesis). London: St. Georges Medical School, London University. http://vibroacoustics. org/FrequencyInfo/Research% 20Articles/Wigram. Vat. Thesis. pdf).
  3. Wigram, T. (1997). The effect of vibroacoustic therapy compared with music and movement based physiotherapy on multiply handicapped patients with high muscle tone and spasticity. Music Vibration and Health. Cherry Hill, NJ: Jeffrey Books, 6985.
  4. Lehikoinen, P. (1997) ‘The Physioacoustic method’. In T. Wigram, C. Dileo (eds.) Music Vibration and Health. Cherry Hill, NJ: Jeffrey Books.
  5. Raudsik, R. (1997). Vibroacoustic therapy in general medicine. Music vibration and health, 217–222. Ala-Ruona, E. (1999). Fysioakustisen hoidon kehittämisprojekti Seinäjoen sairaalassa [Project for developing the physioacoustic treatment in Seinäjoki Central Hospital]. Seinäjoki: South Ostrobothnia Health Care District, Physiatrics and Rehabilitation/Music Therapy; 1999. Ala-Ruona, E. (2003). Fysioakustinen hoito osana erikoissairaanhoitoa ja kuntoutustutkimusta [Physioacoustic treatment as a part of specialized health care and rehabilitation assessment]. In: Ala-Ruona E, Erkkilä J, Jukkola R, Lehtonen K, (eds.) Muistoissa Petri Lehikoinen. Jyväskylä: Suomen musiikkiterapiayhdistys ry; 2003: 173–193. Campbell, E. A. (2019). Vibroacoustic treatment and self-care for managing the chronic pain experience: An operational model. JYU dissertations.
  6. Campbell, E. A. (2019). Vibroacoustic treatment and self-care for managing the chronic pain experience: An operational model. JYU dissertations.
  7. Clements-Cortés, A. (2019). Vibroacoustic Therapy for Persons Living with Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease. The Canadian Music Educator, 60(3), 24–26.
  8. Punkanen, M & Ala-Ruona, E (2012). Contemporary vibroacoustic therapy: Perspectives on clinical practice, research, and training. Music Med doi: 10.1177/1943862112445324. Bartel, L. R., Chen, R., Alain, C., & Ross, B. (2017). Vibroacoustic stimulation and brain oscillation: From basic research to clinical application. Music and Medicine, 9(3), 153–166.
  9. Ala-Ruona, E., & Punkanen, M. (2017). Multidisciplinary applications of vibroacoustics – from clinical practice and research to future directions. Music and Medicine, 9(3), 149–150.